Biotechnology: How scientists modify agriculture production

agricultural biotechnology and its advantages in the farming sector

The future of biotechnology in agriculture looks promising. Biotechnology has been a critical player in the agricultural industry for over 30 years. In recent years, biotechnology has had a significant impact on the farming industry. Biotechnology is an integral part of agriculture because it helps to increase crop yields and reduce pesticide use. The future of biotechnology in agriculture looks promising because it will continue to make changes that will positively affect the world. No wonder many question how scientists modify and create a new form of agriculture production with biotechnology. To clarify, let's figure out what biotechnology is and the history of agricultural biotechnology

Overview and history of agricultural biotechnology

Biotechnology is the study of how organisms are used to produce agricultural products. Biotechnology uses the natural sciences, especially genetics, to make products that benefit people and the environment. Genetically modified crops are plants created by combining DNA from different species of plant, animal, or bacteria in a laboratory.

Biotechnology has been used for many years in agricultural production but has only recently become more popular. Today, agriculture has already been provided with new possibilities by modern biotechnology. It made it possible to build better plants and animals for the initial time and promised to increase the efficiency of the food processing sector.

Over 10.000 years ago, people began harvesting their food from the area's naturally available biodiversity. They later cultivated both plants and animals. People started choosing better plant materials for reproduction and animals for breeding during domestication. At first unintentionally but ultimately to create better food crops and livestock.

In 1492, Christopher Columbus introduced corn to Native Americans, Europeans, and the world. At this time in history, crops were cultivated in various environments and distributed worldwide. In the meantime, agriculturalists first selectively bred crops before they fully comprehended the concept of genetics. 

In 1987, the first agricultural biotechnology was invented by Calgene of Davis. At that time, he created The Flavr Savr tomato for human food. 

Calgene scientists modified the tomato to ripen very slowly while retaining its flavor. After receiving approval from the US Food and Drug Administration, it was not on the market until 1994. There was a high initial demand for Flavr Savr. However, the tomato was not profitable for Calgene due to increased production and distribution costs.

Read also: Is disruptive technology suitable for agriculture? 

Advantages of biotechnology in agriculture

The use of biotechnology and genetically modified crops have been shown to have many benefits, including increased crop yields, reduced pesticide use, the higher nutritional value in food products, and improved resistance to pests and diseases.

  1. Agricultural biotechnology has been used to protect crops from devastating diseases. Scientists have devised a way to splice genes from bacteria into plants. This genetic modification is called "genetic engineering." Biotechnology has been in use for centuries, and it has helped to increase crop yields, reduce the need for pesticides, and eliminate antibiotics in animal feed.

  2. Agricultural biotechnology can boost farming's sustainability. It enhances agricultural quality and productivity and increases farmer safety. As a result, farmers may focus more on other activities and spend less time cultivating their crops.

  3. Agricultural biotechnology can create better fruit and vegetable flavor. Biotech enhances the activity of plant enzymes that transform aroma precursors into flavoring compounds.

  4. Superior preserving qualities carried about by genetic engineering can facilitate the transportation of fresh produce, provide customers with access to nutrient-dense whole foods, and stop decay, damage, and nutrient loss.

  5. Agricultural biotechnology can preserve superior qualities. It can keep food fresh longer, preventing decay, damage, and loss of nutrients. In addition, consumers can have nutritionally valuable. 


Examples of biotechnology in agriculture

Genetic engineering is the most commonly used form of biotechnology. It changes an organism's genes to produce the desired effect. Following are an example of biotechnology in agriculture that we can find daily. 

  1. Golden rice

  2. Lactose-free milk

  3. Delayed-ripening tomato

  4. High laureate canola

  5. Herbicide-tolerant maize

It is incredible what biotechnology can do! Biotechnology is booming, and scientists are coming up with discoveries every day. The advancements in biotechnology have impacted many areas of life, from agriculture to other sectors, making life easier and more efficient.

Posted by : Nurhayati

Published At : 15/09/2022 06:31:07


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