Horticulture and agriculture are both types of farming, but there are some differences between these two practices, including their respective goals and scales. Horticulture is the science and art of growing plants in gardens or landscapes. In short, horticulture is called gardening. Meanwhile, agriculture is a farming activity to produce food, feed, fiber, and other goods. Horticulture generally focuses on plants' beauty and ornamental value, while agriculture has as much food as possible. Agriculture typically takes place on a much larger scale than horticulture. Although different aspects, the horticulture, and agriculture business are promising for some countries. Horticultural and agricultural products can be exported and boost the farm economy. Furthermore, the horticulture and agriculture business has advantages as below:
Horticulture and agriculture have long been an essential part of human life. Food and fiber production is necessary for species survival, and crops must be carefully selected and cultivated to ensure a reliable food supply. Several characteristics are essential when selecting crops for horticulture and agriculture, including yield, disease resistance, climate tolerance, and nutritional content. In addition, it is crucial to know the categories of horticulture and agriculture crop production to know its selling powers in the market. As guidance, here are crop categories difference between horticulture and agriculture.
Agriculture: Has a more extensive scale
Horticulture: Has a minor scale
Agriculture: Irrigation, livestock, monitoring, maintenance, etc.
Horticulture: Garden cultivation, plant cultivation, etc.
Agriculture: Agriculture produces a higher output
Horticulture: Has limited outputs
Agriculture: Deals with the cultivation of crops and also animal farming
Horticulture: Deals with cultivation only
So, which field is more important? horticulture or agriculture? There is no easy answer when deciding which area is more critical: horticulture or agriculture. Both are essential for the growth of the food system and society. Horticulture is what you use to improve the quality and appearance of plants. You can do it on a small scale, like a home garden or a large scale. On the other hand, agriculture is the production of crops and livestock. It requires more specific treatment and large plantations. Agriculture and horticulture can continue to develop with technological innovation. Hence, agricultural and horticultural production quality can be better, land management is better monitored and maintained, and it minimizes crop failure due to things that humans can predict.