Recently, a lot of news on social media discusses the city of Jakarta, Indonesia has been titled a town with a high pollution level. According to the Air Quality Life Index (AQLI) and data from the Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago, occupants in Jakarta are estimated to lose three to four years of life expectancy caused by air pollution.
Air pollution may seem like a distant threat to the population's health, but it directly impacts our health and the quality of our crops. Pollution in a field can cause crops to turn color, reduce growth, and even lead to injury or death. But the longer-term impact of air pollution on crops has not been considered much until recently. However, some fields have been observed to be "yellow" when the area becomes a pale color and has reduced growth. Then, how can we still produce high-quality crops, especially in the urban city, while air pollution remains? Luckily, the digital transformation era brings a new farming method called IoT smart greenhouse to reduce gas emissions and avoid air pollution that can influence crop yield production.
The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to the network of physical devices, software, and sensors interconnected with the internet. IoT is a technology that allows devices to collect data and communicate with each other. Meanwhile, IoT innovative or smart greenhouse is intelligent machines that use technology to control and observe the environment of a greenhouse to collect information about its performance and adjust it to improve as much as possible. Technically, IoT smart greenhouses can be considered a closed-loop system since the IoT innovative greenhouse's actions depend on the information it collects and the sensors that deliver it.
The smart greenhouse uses IoT technology to reduce the amount of air pollution produced during the growing process. The technology connects the plants to sensors monitoring their health and providing data to the system's artificial intelligence (AI) components. The AI components use the data to make decisions that optimize the plants' health and yield. It enables the smart greenhouse to produce healthier crops with less air pollution than traditional greenhouses.
Smart greenhouses help keep air pollution, and thus CO2 emissions, low by reducing energy and water use and managing the plants' health. They do this by increasing the greenhouse humidity and reducing the amount of water lost to the environment. As well as reducing water loss, they prevent water evaporation, making the greenhouse more aerated. Thus, it makes it easier for crops to take up water and nutrients.
In addition, IoT smart greenhouses also have the potential to help farmers who are struggling with low crop yields due to climate change. Farmers and agribusiness also can adopt IoT methods to boost plantation management. To illustrate, the following is how Avirtech IoT, called BIOTA, manages your plantation condition although kilometers away.