Uncrewed Surface Vehicles (USVs) are autonomous vehicles operating on the water's surface and are increasingly used in various applications. Let's say exploration, reconnaissance, and transportation. They are also used for marine research, like studying and sampling the ocean floor and seafloor topography. Similar to agriculture drones, USVs benefit water irrigation systems in the agriculture industry—for example, by increased efficiency, better monitoring, improved safety, and cost savings. This article will explore the benefits of USVs for the water irrigation system. Before delving into the details, let's examine the difference between traditional and modern water irrigation systems.
Water irrigation is an invaluable aspect of agriculture, allowing crops to receive the necessary nutrients for growth. The primary distinction between traditional and modern water irrigation systems lies in precision and automation. Modern systems leverage technology to accurately measure and control the water applied to crops, while traditional water irrigation systems rely on manual labor and water availability. For instance, conventional water irrigation system schedules are based on water availability and the farmer's experience and judgment. Meanwhile, modern water irrigation systems apply USVs and sensors to schedule and distribute the amount of water.
Water quality can affect plant growth. So proper water irrigation systems are needed in the agriculture industry. Similar to drones, USVs can carry sensors to measure the velocity of flowing water, detect sediment in the water, identify algae blooms, and monitor water quality. Additionally, USVs can detect leaks, blockages, and other issues that can cause water loss.
USVs equipped with sensors can read that the water level in a particular field area is low. The sensor system then sends a command to the irrigation system to increase the water flow in that area. Similarly, if the USV detects that the soil moisture in a particular field area is high, it will ask the irrigation water systems to decrease the water flow in that area.
USV technology is revolutionizing agricultural water irrigation systems. It enables access to areas never before possible. USVs open up new possibilities for exploration and research while also improving workforce safety. Allowing operators to work from a distance, USVs reduce the risk of injury to personnel in hazardous environments.
USVs can be programmed to collect data from temperature sensors, pH meters, flow meters, turbidity sensors, and more. Therefore agribusiness can better understand the condition of the water irrigation system and enable the quick identification of any abnormalities or irregularities.